Rishi Krishi Crops

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An elderly gentelman who is hardworking & knowledgable farmer was trying to leach the salt from the soil by trenching around the farm, but there was no improvement.
Nayaku Ankalkhope ...

About Arya Krishak Shri Mohan Shankar Deshpande -

The village life was guided by superstitions and the myths, primitive faiths and belief in supernatural had a tremendous hold on the population. Added to this the casteism and hypocrisy were the rule of the day.It was a common knowledge that a Kunbi (a sub-caste of the Maratha majority community) who was particular not to touch even the shadow of a low caste Harijan (untouchable) during the day time, would visit the Harijan locality in the evening to drink liquor.

I particularly noticed all this since I had returned to the village after many years of absence for schooling at Pune. In the village, I enjoyed a degree of respect on account of my education, caste and land holding. So I decided to do something about correting at least a few wrong practices, as perceived by me in the village social life. As a start, I employed Harijans as domestic helpers and they were given full access to all the areas including the kitchen. There was some grumbling among the villagers about this but nobody had the courage to speak out. I also stared inviting government officials such as the police inspector, the mamlatdar & others to the village and organised their meetings with refreshments in the Harijan locality. The villagers had no option but to participate in these.Despite all this, I was still disturbed and not satisfied with the progress in my dealings with the locals.

With this burden of uneasy mind, I was engaged in my vocation of agriculture. I was making a steady progress in the cultivation of my farms and was also carrying out experiments to evolve new techniques for improving the crop yields. In the course of these trials, I sent samples of the soil from various areas of the fields as also, form under the trees, for analysis. The results arrived in due course and the study of these, increased my restlessness. They revealed that the adherence to the traditions with no questions asked, as followed in the social life was repeated in the farming methods as well and this totally shocked me. At the same time it helped me to crystallize my thinking as to the proper direction to follow. During my school and college years, I had studied the writings of the great marathi saints Dnyaneshwar, Tukaram and Ramdas. They taught that the blind faiths, superstition and the primitive traditions are born out of fear of the unknown and ignorance is the root cause of fear. Knowledge is the only way to eradicte the ignorance. here problem was: How to acquire this knowledge? The only solution was to read, deliberate, meditate and digest. I followed this advice and after some time the true path was revealed.

My quest was, how to bring the soil to life? In other words, how to increase the population of the living organisms in the soil? I got the proper clue for this from a shloka in the parashar Smruti:

Krishirdhanya Krishirmerdhya jantunam jivanam Krishihi |

Hinsadidoshyuktoapi muchyateatithi pujanat ||

-Krishiparashare 8


The broad meaning of this is that, the farmer's life is dependent on the living organisms in the soil he cultivates. During the cultivation, some of these organisms get killed. Since his Dharma (primary duty) is to produce food for the sustenance of the world, he gets absolved of the sinful deed of killing the organisms

. This shloka set me on thinking about the living soil and I started exploring the ways and means of inreasing the population of living organisms in the soil. My quest ended at our common but sacred village tree, the banyan. I cannot explain how this occurred to me but after the event, I started to note down the reasons for its importance in our lives: -

During the rainy season the soil under the banyan tree supports a very large number of crawler and farm worm type of earthworms.

During the heat of the sumer it is full clothed in dark green foliage. It is ever green in our climate, providing a welcome shade to humans, animals and birds. It produces thousands of small fruits and is an important source of food for innumerable species of birds. Their droppings make the soil under the tree, highly fertile and teeming with soil organisms.

-The aerail roots set out by the tree during the monsoon season contain substantial quantities of hormones and enzymes needed for plant growth. In our villages, sterile animals are fed these roots to induce fertitity.

Our ancestors wanted to protect these valuable trees from destruction by indiscriminate use and firewood or timber. Hence the legend of instant death to anybody cutting down this tree. Also the worship of banyan at the on set of monsoon by the women folk praying for long lige to their husbands, forms one of our important religious rituals.

Steps Involved in Ahimsak Rish-Krishi Deshpande Technique

• Incorporation of Holy Ash (Angara) into the soil.

• Preparation and usage of Nectar Water (Amrutpani).

• Dressing of Seeds for planting.

• Mulching.

Our Technique


Step 1. Angara (Holy Ash) As per the Deshpande method the cultivator has to incorporate a minimum of 15 kilo of soil from the base of a banyan tree into each acre of farmland he wishes to cultivate.

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Our Material


Book on Rishi Krishi
Title Ahimsak Rishi-Krishi Deshpande Farming Technique
English Edition Rs. 250/- + Postage[In India]

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